Tuesday, 18th June, 2024

Towards Africa: The Struggle over the Horn of Africa

because there is currently a struggle between regional and international powers to exert influence over it due to its strategic and geopolitical importance, as we shall recognize. Sea lanes are one of the most important elements of power and influence for those who can control them, due to their strategic role in maintaining the international and regional security. Sea lanes are considered as the main basis for resolving conflicts and regional and international control. From this point of view, the Horn of Africa is of great importance because it represents the most important sea lanes at the regional and international levels. The Horn of Africa region also represents the most important factors of regional balance and stability, due to its distinctive geographical location and great strategic, military, political and economic significance due to its overlooking of the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The strategic importance of the region is based on its proximity to Bab al-Mandeb Strait, which controls the Red Sea from the south. This makes it a region of competition between all the greedy foreign powers in the Red Sea and the east of Africa as a whole.

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Dr.Ibrahim Karsany

Dr.Ibrahim Karsany

Economic consultant

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Areas of Expertise

  • Public Policy
  • Development issues
  • Economic Planning
  • Competitiveness


Ph.D. in Economics.


Dr. Ibrahim Karsany graduated from Khartoum University with a Bs.C. (Hon) in economics, followed by a Ph.D. in development economics from Leeds University, England. He has accumulated a rich research experience in different fields of study ranging from development studies, economic planning, and problems of under-development to total quality management and competitiveness of nations.

Dr. Karsany’s work experience extends over four decades and ranges from university teaching, at both undergraduate and graduate levels, to working in international organizations such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and in Governments, e.g, as Advisor to the Ministry of Economy, Oman, Muscat and as Economic Development Advisor, Department of Economic Development, Dubai, as well as in the Private Sector (DPPRC, Bhuth).

He has been a Visiting Professor and Scholar at reputable academic institutions; notable amongst them are Bergen University, Norway, The Scandinavian Institute for African Studies, Uppsala, Sweden, and The Hungarian Academy of Science, Budapest. He also published a number of studies in learned specialized international journals and served on the Editorial Boards of Academic Journals in Sudan and abroad; e.g, The Review of African Political Economy (ROAPE), published in England. He has also presented papers as well as participated in a considerable number of international conferences, seminars and workshops and has published more than sixty pieces in daily printed as well as electronic papers covering a wide range of socio-economic as well as political topics and issues.

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